Diamond Clarity

 Every diamond is unique. Nature ensures that each diamond is as individual as the person who wears it. Naturally occurring features—know as inclusions—provide a special fingerprint within the stone. Inclusions are natural identifying characteristics such as minerals or fractures, appearing while diamonds are formed in the earth. They may look like tiny crystals, clouds or feathers.

To view inclusions, jewelers use a magnifying loupe. This tool allows jewelers to see a diamond at 10x its actual size so that inclusions are easier to see. The position of inclusions can affect the value of a diamond. There are very few flawless diamonds found in nature, thus these diamonds are much more valuable.

Inclusions are ranked on a scale of perfection, known as clarity, which was established by the Gemological Institute of America (GIA). The clarity scale, ranging from F (Flawless) to Included (I), is based on the visibility of inclusions at a magnification of 10x.

Some inclusions can be hidden by a mounting, thus having little effect on the beauty of a diamond. An inclusion in the middle or top of a diamond could impact the dispersion of light, sometimes making the diamond less brilliant.

The greater a diamond's clarity, the more brilliant, valuable and rare it is—and the higher it is on the Diamond Quality Pyramid.
A perfectly clear diamond is almost impossible to find, and the clearer your diamond, the more valuable it is. That's the explanation of diamond clarity in laymen terms. In technical terms diamond clarity is defined by the amount of imperfections within it.  
The average person looking at a diamond will not be able to see these imperfections with the naked eye unless the diamond is really on the low end of the scale. Like diamond color, diamond clarity is put into categories. Those categories are listed below. The higher-end diamonds will have a specific category assigned to it, but most diamonds will simply say VS1-VS2, as opposed to just VS1, as an example.


Diamond Clarity

Diamond Clarity

Large inclusions interfere with the dispersion of light and therefore the diamond's brilliance. The larger or more numerous the inclusions the less valuable the diamond. The fewer the inclusions, the rarer the stone. Each diamond will have its own unique inclusions in various positions within the diamond. VVs, Vs and Si inclusions are not visible to the naked eye, they are only visible through magnification.